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Syurin S.A., Rocheva I.I.

On gender-specific features of bronchopulmonary diseases in copper-nickel industry workers

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Abstract. The aim of the study is to examine gender-specific risk factors, structures, and the prevalence of chronic bronchopulmonary diseases (CBPD) in 595 copper-nickel industry workers in the Kola North. The study has revealed lower rates of respiratory health in men than in women, it is manifested in a smaller number of healthy subjects (p < 0.001), larger numbers of people at risk of CBPD (p < 0.001) and patients with chronic bronchitis (p < 0.001). The reason for this are more unhealthy working conditions (exposure to aerosols of nickel and copper compounds, sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid) and the impact of non-occupational factors (higher exposure to tobacco smoke and higher degree of alcohol abuse). Standardizing the effect of a combination of risk factors for bronchopulmonary pathology has made it possible to demonstrate the absence of their gender-specificity among workers engaged in production of copper.

Keywords: copper industry, bronchopulmonary diseases, gender specificity

Printed reference: Syurin S.A., Rocheva I.I. On gender-specific features of bronchopulmonary diseases in copper-nickel industry workers // Vestnik of MSTU. 2012. V. 15, No 3. P. 633-638.

Electronic reference: Syurin S.A., Rocheva I.I. On gender-specific features of bronchopulmonary diseases in copper-nickel industry workers // Vestnik of MSTU. 2012. V. 15, No 3. P. 633-638. URL: http://vestnik.mstu.edu.ru/v15_3_n49/articles/633_638_syurinR.pdf.

(In Russian, p.6, tables 5, ref 18, Adobe PDF)