Analysis of operating conditions of the voltage transformer
Abstract. In electrical networks, constant monitoring of the electrical equipment operation is necessary. To accomplish this task, current transformers and voltage transformers (VT) are used, on which the accuracy of electrical measurements, electricity metering, and the reliability of the emergency control system depend. The results of the analysis of the conditions for forming the magnetization of a voltage transformer in the mode with unilateral connection of overhead transmission lines, as well as variants of violations in the 110 kV network that may exist for a relatively long time have been presented. It should be noted that the considered network has its own peculiarities: the overhead transmission lines connected in series have a significant length and a low level of load, which may be a condition for the appearance of a transmission lines capacitive effect (the Ferranti effect), the latter can cause overvoltage. Overvoltage occurs when the operating modes are temporary in terms of operation, adverse combinations of network parameters take place, and can continue until the circuit and network modes change. Most often they appear in asymmetric modes, with short circuits to ground, etc. Asymmetric modes caused by incomplete-phase commutations and wire breaks on the overhead line, as well as wire breaks with subsequent disconnection of power transformers that can affect the voltage level on the VT have been considered. The possibility of VT magnetizing with a prolonged voltage rise in symmetric modes, namely, the manifestation of the Ferranti effect with various loads at substations up to complete switching-off and power transformers switching off has been investigated. The analysis of the measuring voltage transformer operating conditions has been based on materials provided by the "Kolenergo" services.
Printed reference: Analysis of operating conditions of the voltage transformer / G. Fastiy, A. Burtsev, A. Karpov, V. Yaroshevich, E. Tokareva // Vestnik of MSTU. 2017. V. 20, No 4. P. 714-722.
Electronic reference: Analysis of operating conditions of the voltage transformer / G. Fastiy, A. Burtsev, A. Karpov, V. Yaroshevich, E. Tokareva // Vestnik of MSTU. 2017. V. 20, No 4. P. 714-722. URL: http://vestnik.mstu.edu.ru/v20_4_n74/08_Fastiy_714-722.pdf.