Ice gouging effects on the eastern Arctic shelf of Russia
Abstract. Results of the latest geological and geophysical marine cruises indicate activating of natural risks (or hazards) processes connected with ice gouging, permafrost melting, landslides, coastal thermoerosion and seismic activity. These processes represent great risks for all human marine activities including exploitation of the Northern Sea Route (NSR). One of the most dangerous natural processes is ice gouging, which results in the ploughing of the seabed by an underwater part of ice bodies. Ice gouging processes can create some emergency situation in the construction and operation of any underwater engineering structures. Natural seismoacoustic data obtained within the eastern Arctic shelf of Russia have recorded numerous ice gouging trails both in the coastal shallow and deep parts of the shelf as well. Modern high-resolution seismic devices have allowed receive detailed morphology parameters of underwater ice traces. The actual depth and occurrence of traces of the effect of ice formations on the bottom significantly exceed the calculated probability of occurrence according to ice conditions. Seismic data have allowed classify all these traces and subdivide them on modern coastal and ancient (or relict) deep ones. During Late Quaternary sea level down lifting the absence of cover glaciation did not exclude the presence of powerful drifting ice that produced ice gouging processes in the present deep part of the sea. Afterwards during sea level up lifting ice gouging follows to the sea level changes. In this case there could be destructed some dense clay dewatered sediment layer formed during the regression period. Further, during the repeated transgressive-regressive sea level fluctuations the generated ice traces could be frozen and thus preserved until our days. Modern coastal ice traces into marine shallow are the result of nowadays interaction of drifting ice and seabed that in conditions of global climate warming are activated and represent natural risks along the NSR.
Printed reference: Libina N. V., Nikiforov S. L. Ice gouging effects on the eastern Arctic shelf of Russia // Vestnik of MSTU. 2018. V. 21, No 1. P. 139-149.
Electronic reference: Libina N. V., Nikiforov S. L. Ice gouging effects on the eastern Arctic shelf of Russia // Vestnik of MSTU. 2018. V. 21, No 1. P. 139-149. URL: http://vestnik.mstu.edu.ru/v21_1_n75/13_libina_139-149.pdf.